Spanish connectors or connectives are crucial components in constructing cohesive and articulate sentences in Spanish. This article delves into five key connectors – además, aunque, luego, finalmente, and no obstante – to enrich your understanding of their use and purpose in Spanish grammar.
- Además: Translated as “besides” or “in addition”, “además” is used to add more information or to present an additional argument. For instance, “Además de español, hablo inglés y francés” (In addition to Spanish, I speak English and French). “Además” connects the additional languages spoken to the first mentioned language.
- Aunque / A pesar de: Both “aunque” and “a pesar de” translate to “despite” or “although” in English, introducing a contrasting or conflicting idea to the preceding clause. For example, “Aunque está lloviendo, vamos a jugar al fútbol” (Although it’s raining, we are going to play football). “A pesar de” is typically followed by a noun, as in “A pesar del frío, salió a correr” (Despite the cold, he went for a run).
- Luego: “Luego” is a sequential connector, meaning “then” or “later”. It’s employed to indicate the subsequent action or result. For instance, “Estudié toda la noche, luego saqué una buena nota en el examen” (I studied all night, then I got a good grade on the test).
- Finalmente: Translating to “finally” or “at last”, “finalmente” indicates the last action or the conclusion of a series of events. For instance, “Finalmente, después de tantos años, logré mi sueño” (Finally, after so many years, I achieved my dream).
- No obstante / Sin embargo: Both “no obstante” and “sin embargo” mean “nevertheless” or “however”. These connectors introduce a contrasting or opposing idea to the previous statement. For example, “Es muy caro. No obstante, lo compré” (It’s very expensive. Nevertheless, I bought it).
In summary, these Spanish connectors serve to join ideas, provide additional information, introduce contrasts, and establish sequences. Mastery of these will greatly enhance the sophistication and fluency of your Spanish communication.
Check out our series of Complete Spanish Grammar articles – everything you’ll ever need to know about Spanish grammar.
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