Prepositions of place in Spanish, or “Preposiciones de lugar”, are crucial elements that show the relationship between two or more things in regards to location or position. They help describe where things are in space.
In Spanish, prepositions of place are always followed by an object, which can be a noun or a pronoun. The general structure is: preposition of place + object.
Let’s explore some common Spanish prepositions of place and understand their usage with examples:
- Al lado de (Junto a): This translates to ‘next to’ or ‘beside’ in English. For example, “Luisa conduce al lado de su novio” translates to “Luisa drives next to her boyfriend”.
- Alrededor de: This means ‘around’. For instance, “Los niños juegan alrededor del árbol” means “The children play around the tree”.
- Cerca de: This means ‘near’ or ‘close to’. For example, “El bebé está cerca al horno” translates to “The baby is close to the oven”.
- Debajo de: This translates to ‘below’ or ‘under’. For instance, “José está leyendo debajo de un árbol” means “José is reading under a tree”.
- Delante de (Frente a = Enfrente de): This means ‘in front of’ or ‘ahead of’. For example, “La niña juega delante de la silla” translates to “The girl plays in front of the chair”.
- Dentro de: This means ‘in’, ‘inside’ or ‘within’. For instance, “Las llaves están dentro del bolso” means “The keys are inside the bag”.
- Detrás de: This means ‘behind’. For example, “Ellos están detrás de la puerta” translates to “They are behind the door”.
- En (Dentro de): This also means ‘in’ or ‘inside’. For instance, “El libro está en la bolsa” means “The book is in the bag”.
- Lejos de: This means ‘far from’. For example, “Ella está lejos de su familia” translates to “She is far from her family”.
- Encima de (Sobre): This translates to ‘above’, ‘over’, ‘on’, or ‘on top of’. For instance, “Las llaves están encima de la mesa” means “The keys are on top of the table”.
- Entre (En medio de): This means ‘between’, ‘among’ or ‘in the midst of’. For example, “La casa de Alex está entre dos edificios” translates to “Alex’s house is between two buildings”.
- Fuera de: This means ‘outside’. For instance, “Él está esperando a Maria fuera de su casa” means “He is waiting for Maria outside her house”.
Understanding and using these prepositions correctly will help you describe positions and locations more accurately in Spanish. Remember, practice is key when it comes to mastering prepositions of place in Spanish. Happy learning!
Check out our series of Complete Spanish Grammar articles – everything you’ll ever need to know about Spanish grammar.
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