The Spanish language, famed for its plethora of tenses and verb conjugations, can sometimes be challenging to non-native speakers. One of the commonly used verbs is “Salir,” which translates to “to leave” or “to go out.” This article provides a comprehensive understanding of the conjugation of “Salir” across all Spanish tenses and moods, omitting the less frequently used “Vosotros” form.
Present Tense (Presente)
In the present tense, “Salir” is conjugated as follows:
For instance, “Yo salgo a correr todos los días” translates to “I go out to run every day.”
Preterite Tense (Pretérito)
The preterite tense is utilized to talk about actions that have been completed in the past.
For example, “Ayer, él salió temprano” means “Yesterday, he left early.”
Imperfect Tense (Imperfecto)
The imperfect tense describes ongoing or incomplete actions in the past.
An example sentence might be “Cuando era joven, siempre salía a jugar,” translating to “When I was young, I always went out to play.”
Future Tense (Futuro)
The future tense indicates actions that will happen in the future.
For instance, “Mañana, yo saldré temprano” means “Tomorrow, I will leave early.”
Conditional Tense (Condicional)
The conditional tense expresses actions that would happen under certain conditions.
For instance, “Si tuviera tiempo, saldría a pasear” translates to “If I had time, I would go for a walk.”
The subjunctive mood is used to express various states of unreality such as doubt, possibility, necessity, and action that has not yet occurred. In Spanish, the subjunctive mood includes the present subjunctive, the past subjunctive, and the future subjunctive.
Present Subjunctive (Presente de Subjuntivo)
| Él/Ella/Usted | salga |
| Nosotros/Nosotras | salgamos |
| Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes | salgan |
Example: “Es importante que tú salgas a tiempo” – “It’s important that you leave on time.”
Past Subjunctive (Imperfecto de Subjuntivo)
Example: “Esperaba que él saliera a tiempo” – “I was hoping that he would leave on time.”
Future Subjunctive (Futuro de Subjuntivo)
The future subjunctive is rarely used in modern Spanish, but it’s good to be familiar with it.
Example (using a legal phrase which still uses the future subjunctive): “A no ser que el testigo saliere a declarar, el caso se cerrará” – “Unless the witness were to come out to declare, the case will be closed.”
This guide to conjugating “Salir” should serve as a helpful resource for anyone looking to navigate the complexities of Spanish verb conjugations. With practice, you will be able to use the verb “Salir” seamlessly in all its forms.
Check out our series of Complete Spanish Grammar articles – everything you’ll ever need to know about Spanish grammar.
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